World History Study Guide: Renaissance
What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?
The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?
human potential and achievements
What is the Medici family famous for?
being patrons or supporters of the arts
What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?
What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?
In what way did Leonardo da Vinci represent the Renaissance Man?
Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences. What was that practice?
the clergy sold pardons that released people from their sins
What was one of John Calvin’s major teachings?
What kind of person represented the ideal of the Renaissance man?
someone who excelled in many areas of study
How did Italy’s location help it become the birthplace of the Renaissance?
What was an important effect of the invention of the printing press?
it increased literacy and the use of the vernacular
Why was block printing more useful in Europe than in China?
European languages had a smaller number of characters or letters than the Chinese language
What was a major reason for the Reformation?
the selling of indulgences and the corruption in the church
Which of the following was one of Luther’s main beliefs?
one can only reach salvation through faith
What was the main reason for Henry VIII’s split with the Roman Catholic Church?
Which of the following was agreed upon at the Council of Trent?
to create a clear set of laws to fix the church
The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between supporters of which two groups?
Catholics and Protestants
Which idea of Luther’s most influenced John Calvin?
humans cannot earn a place in heaven
The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from what year to what year?
The best synonym for secular is
To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be
The technique known as perspective is most useful in the creation of
A person who produces work in the vernacular is one who does what?
writes in a local or common language
The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from the study of what?
classical Greek and Roman culture
Renaissance painters in Flanders
, as in Italy, tended to produce work that was..
In Greek, the word utopia means
The first use of movable type was in what country?
The printing press was invented by who?
Which of the following correctly matches the author with something he or
Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common?
that they were Christian humanists
The followers of John Knox became known as what religion?
Predestination was one of the main doctrines of what group?
Explain the two causes of the Protestant Reformation.
Cause #1 – Social
the printing press which helped spread new ideas
humanism which encouraged people to start questioning
corruption in the church and the church becoming too worldly
Cause #2 – Religious which includes
Explain three causes of the Renaissance.
corruption in the church
Martin Luther and his 95 theses and how he was mad at the selling of indulgences
Church becoming more worldly
Priests were marrying, gambling, drinking
population is going up after the Black Plague
the cities begin to grow and become urban centers and more culture
there is an increase in trade as Italy becomes a center for trade
the merchant class is now making more money and becoming wealthy so they are able to sponsor or become patrons of the arts