World History Study Guide: Renaissance What was the Renaissance a rebirth of? art and learning

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World History Study Guide: Renaissance
What was the Renaissance a rebirth of?

  • art and learning

The study of classical texts caused humanists to focus on what subject?

  • human potential and achievements

What is the Medici family famous for?

  • being patrons or supporters of the arts

What were Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More?

  • Christian humanists

What was the first full-sized book Gutenberg printed?

  • the Bible

In what way did Leonardo da Vinci represent the Renaissance Man?

Luther protested the practice of selling indulgences. What was that practice?

  • the clergy sold pardons that released people from their sins

What was one of John Calvin’s major teachings?

  • predestination

What kind of person represented the ideal of the Renaissance man?

  • someone who excelled in many areas of study

How did Italy’s location help it become the birthplace of the Renaissance?

What was an important effect of the invention of the printing press?

  • it increased literacy and the use of the vernacular

Why was block printing more useful in Europe than in China?

  • European languages had a smaller number of characters or letters than the Chinese language

What was a major reason for the Reformation?

  • the selling of indulgences and the corruption in the church

Which of the following was one of Luther’s main beliefs?

  • one can only reach salvation through faith

What was the main reason for Henry VIII’s split with the Roman Catholic Church?

Which of the following was agreed upon at the Council of Trent?

  • to create a clear set of laws to fix the church

The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between supporters of which two groups?

  • Catholics and Protestants

Which idea of Luther’s most influenced John Calvin?

  • humans cannot earn a place in heaven

The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from what year to what year?

  • 1300s – 1600s

The best synonym for secular is

  • worldly

To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be

  • wealthy

The technique known as perspective is most useful in the creation of

  • two-dimensional art

A person who produces work in the vernacular is one who does what?

  • writes in a local or common language

The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from the study of what?

  • classical Greek and Roman culture

Renaissance painters in Flanders, as in Italy, tended to produce work that was..

  • realistic

In Greek, the word utopia means

  • no place

The first use of movable type was in what country?

  • China

The printing press was invented by who?

  • Johann Gutenberg

Which of the following correctly matches the author with something he or

she wrote?

Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common?

  • that they were Christian humanists

The followers of John Knox became known as what religion?

  • Presbyterians

Predestination was one of the main doctrines of what group?

  • Calvinism

Explain the two causes of the Protestant Reformation.
Cause #1 – Social which includes

  • the printing press which helped spread new ideas

  • humanism which encouraged people to start questioning

  • corruption in the church and the church becoming too worldly

Cause #2 – Religious which includes

  • corruption in the church

    • Martin Luther and his 95 theses and how he was mad at the selling of indulgences

    • Church becoming more worldly

    • Priests were marrying, gambling, drinking

    • Simony

    • Lay investiture

Explain three causes of the Renaissance.

  • population is going up after the Black Plague

  • the cities begin to grow and become urban centers and more culture

  • there is an increase in trade as Italy becomes a center for trade

  • the merchant class is now making more money and becoming wealthy so they are able to sponsor or become patrons of the arts

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